A Comprehensive Look at Global Wood Fiber Markets

The past couple of years have seen a tremendous surge in the global pulp market, with prices hovering around record highs in major regions such as North America and Europe. The reasons behind these inflated prices are primarily reduced timber harvests and a decrease in sawmill residues, resulting in a tightened wood fiber supply.

The Importance of Wood Fiber in the Pulp Industry

The importance of having a solid grasp on wood fiber prices cannot be overstated. The raw material plays a pivotal role in the global pulp market and its supply trends can greatly impact the industry. In recent years, substantial movements in hardwood fiber markets have also influenced the prices, predominantly due to geopolitical restrictions and escalated competition for certain hardwood species.

The fluctuating prices in the hardwood fiber markets can primarily be attributed to the boycott of European imports of hardwood logs from Russia following the country’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022. This development, combined with increased demand for Eucalyptus pulp logs in Brazil, has significantly impacted the market dynamics. Climatic factors and seasonal difficulties in harvesting lower-quality hardwood stands have also played a part in inflating the prices.

Global Wood Fiber Markets BLINDED PNG

Understanding Market Movements

The Global Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI), which tracks wood fiber prices across continents, witnessed a significant surge of 24% over the past two years. Interestingly, the North American region stood as an exception during this period, with prices actually falling.

A similar trend was observed in the Softwood Fiber Price Index (SFPI), which declined in late 2023 and early 2024 due to the drop in the cost of softwood pulplogs and wood chips. This was driven mainly by market dynamics in North America and Central Europe.

Source: A Comprehensive Look at Global Wood Fiber Markets


Food for thought. Would love to hear from you guys.

  • What do you think will be the next big influencer in the wood fiber market?
  • How are companies adapting to these price fluctuations?

@Earl_Dail @Earl_Heath @Michael_Lingley @David_Stallcop @Marv_Vandermeer